The semi-industrial longline fishery
The semi-industrial longline fishery started in 1995 and comprises medium-size vessels ranging from 14 to 23 metres in length. Their main target species are broadbill swordfish, big eye and yellowfin tuna with marlin and sharks as the primary bycatch. In 2018 there were 41 locally-owned vessels, amounting to an average total capacity of 1,600 gross tonnage. The number of vessels in 2018 shows a 73% increase over 2015 (11 vessels). The fishery operates from the edge off the Mahé Plateau (for some species) and also on the high seas.
The highest recorded catch from the semi-industrial fishery was in 2018 which amounted to 1228.8 MT. A majority of the catches from this fishery are exported, except for a small proportion of line fish and tuna. Contrary to the industrial fishery, the semi-industrial longline fishery is a comparatively small fishery. However, it has substantial capacity for growth. The fishery has previously experienced a decline in catch and export of swordfish to the EU due to a ‘red alert’ as a result of high cadmium and mercury levels in 2003 and 2013 respectively. In 2014, the alert on swordfish was lifted and this has re-opened the EU market.
|Year||No. Vessels Covered||No. Trips||Mean Trip Duration (Days)||Effort (Hooks)||Catch Rate (MT/1000 Hooks)||Catches (Mt)|